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Introduction to Windows Xp
Windows XP is a personal computer operating system produced by Microsoft as part of Windows NT family of operating systems.
The operating system was released to manufacturing on August 24, 2001, and generally released for retail sale on October 25, 2001.

Development of XP began in the late 1990s as "Neptune", an operating system built on the Windows NT kernel which was intended specifically for
mainstream consumer use—an updated version of Windows 2000 was also originally planned for the business market. However,
in January 2000, both projects were shelved in favor of a single OS codenamed "Whistler", which would serve as a single OS platform for both consumer
and business markets. Windows XP was a major advance from the MS-DOS based versions of Windows in security, stability and efficiency[5] due to its
use of Windows NT underpinnings. It introduced a significantly redesigned graphical user interface and was the first version of Windows to
use product activation in an effort to reduce software piracy.

Upon its release, Windows XP received generally positive reviews with critics noting increased performance (especially in comparison to Windows ME),
a more intuitive user interface, improved hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities.
Despite poor initial public reception, often centered on driver support and security restrictions,[citation needed] Windows XP eventually proved
to be popular and widely used. It was estimated that at least 400 million copies of Windows XP were sold globally within its first five years of availability,
and at least one billion copies were sold overall by April 2014.

Windows XP remained popular even after the release of newer versions, particularly due to the poorly received release of its successor Windows Vista.
Vista's 2009 successor, Windows 7, would overtake XP in total market share by the end of 2011. Sales of Windows XP licenses to original equipment
manufacturers (OEMs) ceased on June 30, 2008, but continued for netbooks until October 2010.
Extended support for Windows XP ended on April 8, 2014, after which the operating system ceased receiving further support or security updates to most users.
The looming end of support was a cause for concern among companies and governments due to the large contingents of XP users in several market segments
influenced by the poor reception of Vista, including enterprise environments, and in China—where there were fears that the end of support would fuel
piracy of newer Windows versions.
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